One of the forms of cheating was turning in papers bought from essay mills. Using term paper mills brings up some ethical controversies. Some people view essay mills as unethical while others view it as completely moral. People view essay mills as ethical for different reasons. Some customers indicate that they use essay mills as a form of proof reading.
Essay mill writers will read their writing only to make comments and feedback about content and grammar mistakes. They also turn to essay mills to insure that all citations are correct. GPAs and grades are greatly stressed in schools which causes students to worry and make them feel like they cannot meet their deadlines. Essay mills have been compared to business situations. Certain students and customers view term paper mills as equivalent to companies outsourcing labor.
Outsourcing labor is a norm for businesses which insinuates that the use of term paper mills should be socially acceptable. Conversely, there are people who view purchasing essays from essay mills as unethical: it is a form of cheating and plagiarism because one person is taking credit of another individual's work. Academic institutions are concerned about how essay mills affect learning. Students who use essay mills do not go through the process of gathering research, which is a learning experience in itself. Some professors, such as Dan Ariely, a professor of psychology and behavioral economics at Duke University and the author of The Honest Truth About Dishonesty , worry about the message that term paper mills send to students.
He believes that the existence of essay mills encourages laziness to be seen as acceptable. Ariely found essay mills that use plagiarism-encouraging language on their websites. Many customers believe that when they are ordering an essay online , that they are going to be receiving one from their own country; however, this is not always the case, as many essay mill companies are hosted around the world.
Having essay mills set up internationally allows for the owners of these companies to make high profits by paying wages in low-wage countries while selling the work of their employees in high-wage countries. Another article in The Chronicle of Higher Education from interviewed an American essay mill writer, who stated that he receives half of the money paid by a client for a paper. Within the US, the amount that writers are paid varies by up to a factor of five as of [update].
Universities and colleges have developed several strategies to combat this type of academic misconduct. Some professors require students to submit electronic versions of their term papers, so that the text of the essay can be compared by anti-plagiarism software such as Turnitin against databases of known "essay mill" term papers, and new software called Authorship Investigate, also by Turnitin , can look at a paper and compare it against a student's other writings to yield a probabilistic estimate of whether the student is the real author.
Other universities have enacted rules allowing professors to give students oral examinations on papers which a professor believes to be ghostwritten; if the student is unfamiliar with the content of an essay that he has submitted, or its sources, then the student can be charged with academic fraud, a violation of the rules by which a student agrees to be bound when he enters a university or college program.
Detection is difficult, but proving cheating is harder
When a student is charged with academic fraud, his case is typically heard by a quasi-judicial administrative committee, which reviews the evidence. For students who are found guilty, the punishments range from a grade of zero on the specific assignment, to failure in the course in which the plagiarism occurred, to in extreme or repeated cases suspension or expulsion from the institution.
In some cases, students who have committed academic fraud may also have academic honors, degrees, or awards revoked. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The examples and perspective in this article may not represent a worldwide view of the subject. You may improve this article , discuss the issue on the talk page , or create a new article , as appropriate. May Learn how and when to remove this template message.
The Chronicle of Higher Education. Political Science Quarterly : — Writing Instructor.
April 18, Via Leagle. Accessed: August 12, College Student Affairs Journal. Yahoo Contributor Network: Yahoo Voices. The Guardian. Retrieved May 15, American Morning Blogs.
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Is Using an Essay Writing Service Cheating?
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